Quiz: Canada’s protected places

Are you a wilderness whiz or a nature novice? Test your knowledge on how Canada is protecting and conserving our lands and oceans
Introduction and quiz questions by Jenn Smith Nelson

Photo: Nick Walker/Can Geo

Canada’s protected lands and oceans, such as our National Wildlife Areas, national parks, and marine conservation areas, are the crown jewels of the country. From north to south, east to west, opportunities abound to immerse yourself in nature while enjoying awe-inspiring scenery and learning about Canada’s natural environment.

Canadians across the country are now working together to protect more of our nature. How well do you know what Canada is doing to protect and conserve our wild places? Test your knowledge of the country’s great outdoors with the 15 questions below!

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1. As part of its 2020 Biodiversity Goals and Targets, Canada has committed to protecting a certain percentage of its lands and freshwaters, and a certain percentage of coastal and marine areas. What percentage of each is Canada aiming to protect?

18 percent of land and freshwater and 12 percent of coastal and marine areas
15 percent of land and freshwater and 10 percent of coastal and marine areas
17 percent of land and freshwater and 8 percent of coastal and marine areas
17 percent of land and freshwater and 10 percent of coastal and marine areas

2. A biome is defined as “a major ecological community type” (e.g. tropical rain forest, grassland, desert, etc.). True or false: Canada has nine major biomes.

Photo: Alexandra Pope/Can Geo


3. Which of Canada’s biomes is the largest, covering almost 60 percent of its total land mass?

Boreal Forest
Deciduous Forest

4. Which province is home to the first marine area to be protected under the Canada Wildlife Act as a marine National Wildlife Area?

British Columbia
Newfoundland and Labrador
Prince Edward Island
New Brunswick

5. How many of Canada’s species are now at risk? Over:

Photo: Debbie Oppermann/Can Geo Photo Club


6. In May 2017, which endangered bird species was successfully released into the wild in Alberta in an attempt to increase its population?

Greater sage grouse
Chestnut-collared longspur
Burrowing owl
Baird’s sparrow

7. How many species of whale can you view in Saguenay-St. Lawrence Marine Park?

Photo: Amanda Turner/Can Geo Photo Club


8. Pay a visit to this protected area and you’re likely to learn about yahguudang. In the language of the local First Nation, yahguudang encompasses the idea of respect for all living things and informs the ongoing conservation and restoration of the unique and delicate ecosystem.

Kejimkujik National Park, N.S.
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve, National Marine Conservation Area Reserve, and Haida Heritage Site, B.C.
Kootenay National Park, B.C.
Gulf Islands National Park Reserve, B.C.

9. Once completed, the future national marine conservation area Tallurutiup Imanga (Lancaster Sound) in Nunavut will become the largest protected area ever established in Canada. How many square kilometres does it cover?

Map: Chris Brackley/Can Geo

109,000 square kilometres
88,000 square kilometres
96,000 square kilometres
115,000 square kilometres

10. Which National Wildlife Area features a lighthouse that was established in 1870 and still remains?

Îles de l'Estuaire National Wildlife Area, Que.
Cape Jourimain National Wildlife Area, N.B.
Boot Island National Wildlife Area, N.S.
Mohawk Island National Wildlife Area, Ont.

11. This national marine park is a popular destination for scuba divers, who are drawn to its clear waters and numerous sunken shipwrecks.

Photo: Theresa Pero/Can Geo Photo Club

Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve, National Marine Conservation Area and Haida Heritage Site, B.C.
Lake Superior National Marine Conservation Area, Ont.
Fathom Five National Marine Park, Ont.
Saguenay-St. Lawrence Marine Park, Que.

12. This National Wildlife Area has the distinction of being the first federally protected bird sanctuary in North America.

Photo: Chris Hartman/Can Geo Photo Club

Last Mountain Lake National Wildlife Area, Sask.
Prince Edward Point National Wildlife Area, Ont.
John Lusby Marsh National Wildlife Area, N.S.
Qaqulluit National Wildlife Area, Nun.

13. Which national park is Canada’s newest?

Nááts'ihch'oh National Park Reserve, N.W.T.
Qausuittuq National Park, Nun.
Akami-Uapishkᵁ-KakKasuak-Mealy Mountains National Park Reserve, N.L.
Rouge National Urban Park, Ont.

14. What was Canada’s first national park and when was it established?

Photo: Nick Walker/Can Geo

Banff National Park, Alta., 1885
Jasper National Park, Alta., 1893
Yoho National Park, B.C., 1881
Glacier National Park, B.C., 1901

15. Part of Canada’s Nature Legacy funding is earmarked for the creation of new Indigenous Protected Areas in Canada — areas in which local First Nations take the lead on wildlife and land stewardship initiatives. The first of these areas, Edéhzhíe, was designated in 2018. In which province or territory is it located?

British Columbia
Northwest Territories
Newfoundland and Labrador

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