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From treasure maps to smart phone apps, geography makes sense of our world by describing locations, patterns and relationships of the Earth’s natural and social systems — both past and present. Of course, this magazine prides itself on delivering to readers the best of what geography has to offer, in many forms, including storytelling, photography and cartography. We know our readers are also passionate and extremely knowledgeable about all things geographical. With that in mind, Canadian Geographic’s editors, along with the help of a number of Fellows of The Royal Canadian Geographical Society and other experts, compiled this ultimate Canadian geography quiz to truly test you. Think you’re a geo genius? Prove it!

Category: LAND AND SEA

1. True or False? Nova Scotia is made up of at least four ancient continents.


2. What is the largest freshwater island in the world?

Île René-Levasseur, Que.
Southampton Island, Nunavut
Manitoulin Island, Ont.
St Ignace Island, Ont.

3. Which three major rivers are shown here? (Hint: They’re drawn to scale.)

Mackenzie River, Saskatchewan River, Nelson River
Fraser River, Athabasca River, La Grande Rivière
Slave River, Churchill River (Man.), Peace River
Mackenzie River, Churchill River (Man.), Ottawa River

4. Canada has the world’s longest coastline. In fact, it has about 25 per cent of all coastline on Earth. How long is it in kilometres?


5. About 85 per cent of Canada’s population lives within 300 kilometres of its southern border. Roughly how much of the country’s freshwater is available to this vast majority of Canadians?

40 per cent
60 per cent
80 per cent
22 per cent

6. Name the only Canadian province or territory with no natural features defining its borders.

Prince Edward Island
The Yukon

7. Is Hamilton, Ont., closer to the North Pole or the equator?

North Pole

8. How much of Canada do lakes cover?

About 5 per cent
About 8 per cent
About 12 per cent
More than 15 per cent

9. What is the official latitude of the Arctic Circle?

60°00' N
66°33' N
70°66' N
78°00' N

10. A massive asteroid struck Canada more than 200 million years ago and caused this huge impact crater. The resulting moat, 70 kilometres across, is sometimes called the “eye” of its province or territory. What is its present-day name?

Hudson Bay
Lake Nipigon, Ont.
Mistastin Lake, N.L.
Réservoir Manicouagan, Que.


11. What is this unusual, pimple-like formation called?

Volcanic plug

12. True or False? These three waterfalls go by the names Bridal Veil Falls, American Falls and Niagara Falls (left to right).


13. The world’s longest covered bridge is in Canada. Where?

North Vancouver, B.C.
West Montrose, Ont.
Wakefield, Que.
Hartland, N.B.

14. Called “Turcott’s folly” by some, this roughly nine-metre-tall northern Ontario roadside attraction cost $4,000 when it was created in 1960. What is it?

Chimo the Polar Bear, Cochrane, Ont.
Wawa Goose, Wawa, Ont.
World’s Largest Baseball, Sault Ste. Marie, Ont.
Big Nickel, Sudbury, Ont.

15. What is the geographical significance of this towering peak?

World’s highest vertical drop
Nunavut’s highest peak
Most dangerous climbing face in North America
It’s technically half of a much larger mountain

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